Sunday, December 30, 2012

Anti-gay non-profits

Now with no gays over 18.
This is a summary of some of the best know anti-gay non-profits in the United States. I have written previously about anti-gay companies and business (

Anti-gay non-profits come in several varieties. There are several well-known, widely supported organizations that for the most part either hide or play down their hatred and discriminatory policies toward the LGBT community. Then there are smaller, lesser-known, organizations that embrace their anti-gay policies and mission.

The best-known anti-gay non-profit is the Boy Scouts of America.  BSA was founded in the US in 1910. It was based on the British youth organization founded by Robert Baden-Powell. Ironically, there has been much speculation that Baden-Powell was a closeted gay man. See NY Times story:

In 2000, the US Supreme Court ruled in Boy Scouts of America v. Dale that the Boy Scouts as a private organizations has the right to set discriminatory membership standards. In 2004, the BSA adopted a new policy statement that including the following as part of their "Youth Leadership" policy:
"Boy Scouts of America believes that homosexual conduct is inconsistent with the obligations in the Scout Oath and Scout Law to be morally straight and clean in thought, word, and deed. The conduct of youth members must be in compliance with the Scout Oath and Law, and membership in Boy Scouts of America is contingent upon the willingness to accept Scouting's values and beliefs. Most boys join Scouting when they are 10 or 11 years old. As they continue in the program, all Scouts are expected to take leadership positions. In the unlikely event that an older boy were to hold himself out as homosexual, he would not be able to continue in a youth leadership position."

Meanwhile, other organizations, such as the Girl Scouts, 4-H clubs, the Boys & Girls Clubs of America and even the U.S. Armed Forces, have put an end to such discrimination. Even Scouting in other parts of the world don’t have these discrimination issues. Canada, Australia and most of the European associations do not have restricts on membership or leadership.

Because of BSA’s discriminatory policies they are continually losing public and private support. Some of the long-term corporate and charitable donors they have lost include: Chase Manhattan Bank, Levi Strauss, Fleet Bank, CVS/pharmacy, Pew Charitable Trusts, Intel, UPS Foundation, Merck & Co., and about 50 United Ways.

It is unlike that the leadership of the national BSA will change its policies any time soon. It is heavily under the influence and control of leaders from the Mormon and Catholic churches.
UPDATE: In 2013, BSA's national governing body voted to rescind the long-standing ban on homosexual youth in the program. Beginning January 2014, "No youth may be denied membership in the Boy Scouts of America on the basis of sexual orientation or preference alone." Leaders are still excluded. In response, a new scouting group was formed in September 2013 that is separate from BSA and will exclude both gay youth and adults. It is called Trail Life USA.

The Knights of Columbus is the world's largest Catholic fraternal service organization. It was founded in 1882 and named in honor of Christopher Columbus. Originally serving as a mutual benefit society to low-income immigrant Catholics, it developed into a fraternal service organization dedicated to providing charitable services, promoting Catholic education and actively defending Catholicism in various nations.

Recently however, it has been spending millions of dollars on anti gay causes.  In California’s 2008 election the Knights of Columbus attracted media attention when they donated more than $1.4 million to Proposition 8, becoming the largest financial supporter of Proposition 8 which succeeded in banning marriages between same-sex couples in the state.

Between 2005 and 2012, the Knights of Columbus has provided more than $15.8 million dollars towards anti-gay initiatives providing $6.25 million directly to anti-marriage equality efforts and $9.6 million to organizations to build a conservative religious and political culture to oppose efforts for marriage equality.

The Salvation Army is technically not a charity but a large church and, as such, operates under less financial scrutiny. This “non-profit” religious organization is anti-gay and actively lobbies against pro-gay legislation in the US and abroad. The money they raise from their red kettles is going to anti-gay evangelical Christian lobbyists. They believe that since they're a "church" they have the right to not hire gay people because they are sinners. Salvation Army reserves the right to discriminate in hiring, promoting, and firing gay people, and in the benefits they provide their employees. And they come right out and admit that "practicing homosexuals" are not welcome in the "church."

A fairly new charity is Invisible Children. The organization was founded in 2004 to bring awareness to the activities of the Lord's Resistance Army (LRA) in Central Africa, and its leader, Joseph Kony. Specifically, the group seeks to put an end to the practices of child abductions and abuse, and forcing children to serve as soldiers. On appearances this is an honorable and worthwhile endeavor. This charity is behind the film about the Ugandan war lord Joseph Kony called “Kony 2012.”

However it doesn’t take long for red flags to be raised about this charity. The leadership and primary funders of the organization are rabidly anti-gay Christians. Public IRS tax forms and yearly reports document funding and support from far-right groups that staunchly oppose gay rights. There are also numerous ties to Ugandan groups and individuals that promote the "Anti Homosexual Bill" also known as the “kill the gays” bill, which would make homosexuality punishable by death.

Mercy Ministries is an international, Christian and charitable organization that was founded in Tennessee in 1983. It offers a six month residential treatment program for young women aged between 13 and 28 who struggle with various “life controlling” issues such as eating disorders, depression, self-harm, drug and alcohol addictions, and a number of psychological issues, including “lesbianism.” Mercy Ministries operates their residential pseudo-psychological program without the benefit of oversight or regulation.

Mercy Ministries take a pro-life and anti-gay stance in their faith-based approach. They practice gay conversion therapies for treating women who identify as lesbian or who have sexual identity issues. Clients must follow lengthy and bizarre rules. Some of those rules stem from Mercy Ministries’ obsession with homosexuality: No physical contact, no supportive hugging, no shoulder to cry on. The residential program housed three women to a bedroom, but they were not allowed to change clothes if another person was in the room. Like many fundamentalist Christian groups Mercy has a very hateful message to lesbian young women who attend the program: Being gay is a sin and could be a “root cause” of your mental disorder.

Both the Salvation Army, Mercy Ministries, and Invisible Children have sent spokespeople out into the media to whitewash their true anti-gay stances. Their position basically comes down to the slogan “love the sinner, hate the sin” nonsense. This is a coded response to put down LGBT people.

There are a lot of non-profit groups and fundraising organizations that are not shy in expressing their hatred and homophobia. This is a list from Southern Poverty Law Center:

  • Abiding Truth Ministries of Springfield, MA
  • American Family Association
  • Americans for Truth About Homosexuality
  • American Vision of Powder Springs, GA
  • Bethesda Christian Institute of San Antonio, TX
  • Chalcedon Foundation of Vallecito, CA
  • Christian Anti-Defamation Commission of Vista, CA
  • Concerned Women for America of Washington, DC
  • Dove World Outreach Center, Gainesville, FL
  • Faithful Word Baptist Church of Tempe, AZ
  • Family Research Council of Washington, DC
  • Family Research Institute of Colorado Springs, CO
  • Heterosexuals Organized for a Moral Environment of Downers Grove, IL
  • Illinois Family Institute of Carol Stream, IL
  • Jewish Political Action Committee of Brooklyn, NY
  • Liberty Counsel of Orlando FL
  • MassResistance of Waltham, MA
  • Mission: America of Columbus, OH
  • National Organization for Marriage
  • Parents Action League of Champlin, MN
  • Public Advocate of the United States of Falls Church, VA
  • Tom Brown Ministries of El Paso, TX
  • Traditional Values Coalition of Anaheim, CA
  • True Light Pentecost Church of Spartanburg, SC
  • Truth in Action Ministries (formally Coral Ridge Ministries) of Fort Lauderdale, FL
  • Save California of Sacramento, CA
  • Sons of Thundr (Faith Baptist Chruch) of Luthersville, GA
  • United Families International of Gilbert, AZ
  • Westboro Baptist Church of Topeka, KS
  • Windsor Hills Baptist Church of Oklahoma City, OK
  • You Can Run, But You Cannot Hide of Annandale, MN

For more information about these hate groups see:

So, where do you find pro-gay non-profits? Here is a recent list of outstanding groups evaluated by Philanthropedia, a division of GuideStar. GuideStar is a central source of information on US non-profits.

  • Lambda Legal
  • American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU)
  • Gay, Lesbian, and Straight Education Network (GLESEN)
  • National Center for Lesbian Rights
  • National Gay and Lesbian Task Force
  • National Center for Transgender Equality
  • Gay & Lesbian Advocates & Defenders (GLAD)
  • Parents Families and Friends of Lesbians and Gays (PFLAG)
  • Services & Advocacy for Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual, & Transgender Elders (SAGE)
  • Williams Institute 
  • Human Rights Campaign Foundation
  • Transgender Law Center
  • Southern Poverty Law Center
  • Freedom to Marry
  • The Trevor Project
  • Gay-Straight Alliance Network (GSA Network)
  • Sylvia Rivera Law Project (SRLP)
  • CenterLink

For more information about these groups and others, see:

Friday, December 28, 2012

Same-sex marriage pioneer

Richard Adams (left) with Anthony Sullivan in 1984. 
I just saw this obituary about the fascinating life of Richard Adams. I don’t usually just repost news stories but this is too interesting. On December 17, 2012, Richard Adams passed away at the age of 65. He is survived by his partner of over 40 years, Tony Sullivan.

What makes this story truly fascinating is that this couple was dealing with marriage and immigration equality back in the mid-1970s.

The NY Times obituary shares his and his partners amazing story:
In April 1975, Mr. Adams and his partner, Tony Sullivan, wed in Colorado, one of a half-dozen gay couples granted marriage licenses there by the Boulder County clerk’s office. Though Boulder County stopped issuing such licenses almost immediately, the couple’s marriage, which lasted until Mr. Adams’s death, was never legally voided. 
Their case, in which a marriage between same-sex partners is recognized on the state level but not the federal, prefigured the current national debate over gay marriage by almost 40 years.  
The two men had leapt at the chance to marry in the hope of securing permanent resident status for Mr. Sullivan, an Australian citizen.
But when, after the wedding, they submitted an application to the United States Immigration and Naturalization Service, as the agency was then known, they received this official reply:
“You have failed to establish,” the letter read, “that a bona fide marital relationship can exist between two faggots.”

To learn more about Immigration Equality visit

Tuesday, December 25, 2012

Cocks, Roosters and Hens of Key West

Key West has a symbiotic relationship with these free-range fowl. According to histories, these gypsy chickens first appeared in the late 1800’s when Cubans immigrated to the island to work in cigar factories. The chickens were first raised for food, eggs, and cockfighting.  Many were set free from their pens when market-bought commodities became cheap and easy. Today they roam the business districts and residential neighborhoods of Key West. They are also quite the artistic inspiration and souvenir keepsakes of the island. There isn’t a gay man on the island of Key West that doesn’t host or honor one of these cocks in his home.

Sunday, December 23, 2012

Island House, Key West, FL

Island House in Key West, FL.
We have been reading and hearing about Island House ( in Key West for years. We’ve seen the ads in the gay travel press, read Joe.My.God’s blog about his visits there and even listened to the great recommendation given by the staff at our favorite gay resort, Pineapple Point in Fort Lauderdale, FL. We just finished a 5-day stay at Island House and had a great time. It was my first time to Key West. Eddie had spent a day in Key West years ago as part of a cruise ship excursion.

Island House is a nearly an all-inclusive, clothing optional, gay resort. The complex has a full service bar (with generous 'happy hour' drinks) and excellent restaurant around the pool. Facilities include whirlpools, steam and dry sauna, sun deck, gym, an adult video room, and nicely appointed rooms with comfortable beds.

The staff was helpful, friendly and cheerful. The other guests were a fun, eclectic mix of men.  Ages range from early twenties to eighties. Despite marketing materials that imply only gorgeous male models stay there, the true body types ranged from waifish thin to hunky muscular to bearish big.

Gay blogger Joe Jervis of “” was there the same time as us. We enjoyed meeting and talking to him. He published a conversation he heard poolside in his blog ( ):
“Yesterday, as an older couple situated themselves poolside at the Island House in Key West, I overheard a young, muscular handsome boy say something quite disparaging regarding their arrival.  Those ugly words had hardly left his lips when the apparent leader of his coterie of five equally beautiful men chastised him angrily, poking a finger in the subject's chest: "Darling, if you are very, very lucky, you can only hope that one day, maybe, you and I and all of us will be around to enjoy a place like this when we are their age. Don't throw shade, honey. See yourself in them." The speaker's friends nodded vigorously and first boy cast his eyes downward in embarrassment.”

An afternoon around the pool

A view from the breakfast table


Enjoying the sun deck

Resort is located at the corner of Fleming and White Streets in Key West.

Indoor sauna

Old photos from the late '70's

Our room at Island House.

A cool drink by the pool is very refershing.

Outdoor spa.
Weight room.
Most of our gay friends have commented on that Key West is not as gay as it used to be. However, if you have never been there you will find it to be plenty gay. There are still many gay-male guesthouses, gay bars and clubs, and gay events. During the last couple decades, more and more cruise ships stop there, which has resulted in the increase of t-shirt and souvenir shops and commercialization of what was once was a sleepy and quaint gay local. Gay enclaves all over the country are assimilating into the surrounding community. Change is inevitable. Our advice is don’t lament the past, instead seek out, enjoy and support the gay community that is there. Don’t hesitate to visit and patronize gay businesses in Key West.

Friday, December 14, 2012

Hanukkah 2012

Our menorahs for Hanukkah. 
We have reached the end of another Hanukkah celebration. Here is a quick summary of our latke dinners.
The first night was a combined Hanukkah and birthday celebration. Three kids were with us along with my parents. We celebrated the birthdays of our oldest daughter and my mother. We all had a fun time sharing stories and laughter. Eddie’s Hanukkah menu:
Garlic & rosemary potato latkes,
Cheese rice latkes
Cinnamon apple latkes.

Second night of Hanukkah was with two gay couples. Eddie’s menu:
Potato Latke Crusted Sole with Cucumber Dill Sauce,
Lentil Latkes with Golden Onion & Yogurt Cheese Topping,
Mixed Vegetable & Wild Rice Latkes,
Roasted Ginger Carrot Latkes.

Third night was with our best friend and neighbor.
Smoked Salmon Latkes with Dill Sauce,
Mushroom & Pecan Latkes,
Southwestern Sweet Potato Latkes with Sour Cream Lime Sauce.

Fourth night we went to the theatre.

Fifth night our guests could not make it so it was just my hubby and I. We lit candles and ate only 2 kinds of latkes:
Tuna latkes
Apple/potato latkes with cinnamon maple cream.

Sixth night was with long time friends from synagogue.
Potato-Crusted Hake Cakes with Garlic Mayonnaise,
Curried Sweet Potato Latkes,
Giant Herbed Mixed Veggie Latke Topped with Sauteed Mushrooms,
Spinach Silver-Dollar Latkes with Feta Cheese Sauce

Seventh and eights nights we packed and traveled to Florida to spend the rest of the year in Key West and Fort Lauderdale. Happy New Year!

Don’t forget to check out my hubby’s “Eight tips for healthy, low-fat and low-calorie latkes”.

For your musical enjoyment, here are two new Hanukkah videos:

The Maccabeats - Shine – Hanukkah

Matisyahu Performs "Happy Hanukkah" from The Tonight Show with Jay Leno

Monday, December 10, 2012


Last Thursday my husband sang with the San Francisco Gay Men's Chorus for their holiday concert at Davies Symphony Hall in SF. The chorus, over 250 members, sang with the Bay Area Rainbow Symphony. Here are several videos taken by an audience member.




More photos from the concert:

Start of concert. Eddie in the aisle.
They also raised over $11,000 at intermission for Make a Wish Foundation. One of the chorus members is a cancer-survivor from childhood who, along with his family, was a recipient of a Make-a-Wish trip as a child. This is a really moving story featured on our local NBC news channel.

Thursday, November 29, 2012

Queer Definitions, Gay Labels, and Homosexual Context

Homosexual content.
I have been researching a lot about gay history as well as reading historical fiction and biographies. I found myself making a list of gay words that were new to me. Some of them I wasn’t sure of their meaning or of their historical context. Just about all of them were terms to describe men who have sex with men (MSM). In fact, “MSM” is itself a new term that is used as a medical and social research designation.  It was created in the 1990s by epidemiologists in order to study the spread of disease among men who have sex with men, regardless of identity.

While the words “gay” and “queer” are old, their explicit meaning of men who have sex with men is a fairly recent understanding by the general public. The term “homosexual” in fact can be pinpointed to a date. According to (, “Heterosexual” was actually coined in a letter at the same time as the word “homosexual” [in 1869] by an Austro-Hungarian journalist named Károly Mária Kertbeny. He created these words as part of his response to a piece of Prussian legislation that made same-sex erotic behavior illegal, even in cases where the identical act performed by a man and a woman would be considered legal. And he was one of a couple of people who did a lot of writing, campaigning, and pamphleteering to try to change legal opinion on that matter. He coined the words “heterosexual” and “homosexual” in a really very clever bid to try to equalize same-sex and different-sex. His intent was to suggest that there are these two categories in which human beings could be sexual, that they were not part of a hierarchy, and that they were just two different flavors of the same thing.

Gay” has been around quite a bit longer and leading a quiet double life. For most of the last 400 years, many people believe "gay" simply meant lighthearted or cheerful until homosexuals redefined it. The truth is, the word has had a long secondary connotation of sexual licentiousness. As early as 1637 the Oxford English Dictionary gives one meaning as "addicted to social pleasures and dissipations. Often euphemistically: Of loose and immoral life" — whence, presumably, the term "gay blade." In the 1800s the term was used to refer to female prostitutes, and to "gay it" meant "to copulate." By 1935 the word "geycat" meant a homosexual boy. By 1955 "gay" had acquired its present meaning.

Queer” entered the English language back in the 16th century and generally meant strange, unusual, or out of alignment. The term started to gain a connotation of sexual deviance by the late 19th century.  For most of the 20th century, "queer" was frequently used as a derogatory term for effeminate, gay males. The LGBT community began to reclaim the term in the 1990s. One of the first usages was the ACT-UP spinoff, Queer Nation.

The following is not a definitive list of terms, and I don’t claim that the definitions are all correct or perfect. The majority of the words on my list come from books I have read as well as from various online content and an occasional film or play I’ve seen. Most of the definitions and histories I mention come from Wikipedia. Nevertheless, it is a very fascinating group of words and history.

Old terms mostly from ancient and archaic literature:

Catamite: A catamite was a boy who was the intimate companion of a young man in ancient Rome, usually in a pederastic friendship. The word derives from the proper noun Catamitus, the Latinized form of Ganymede, the beautiful Trojan youth abducted by Zeus to be his companion and cupbearer. The word appears widely but not necessarily frequently in the Latin literature of antiquity, from Plautus to Ausonius. It is sometimes a synonym for puer delicatus, "delicate boy".

Ganymede: In Greek mythology, Ganymede is a divine hero whose homeland was Troy. Homer describes Ganymede as the most beautiful of mortals. In the best-known myth, Zeus assumes the form of an eagle and abducts Ganymede in order to serve as cupbearer in Olympus. Some interpretations of the myth treat it as an allegory of the human soul aspiring to immortality. It also served as a model for the Greek social custom of paiderastía, the socially acceptable, erotic relationship between a man and a youth. The Latin form of the name was Catamitus, from which the English word "catamite" derives.

Mollys, mollies: In 18th century England, a "molly" referred to an effeminate, usually homosexual male. A molly house in 18th-century English was a tavern or private room where homosexual and cross-dressing men could congregate and meet possible sexual partners. Molly houses were one precursor to some types of gay bars. The most famous molly house was Mother Clap's, open for two years from 1724-1726 in the Holborn area of London.
Patrons of Molly houses who dressed in women's clothing were called "Mollies". They would take on a female persona, have a female name, and affect feminine mannerisms and speech. Marriage ceremonies between a Mollie and his male lover were enacted to symbolize their partnership and commitment, and the role-play at times incorporated a ritualized giving birth.

Pederast, Pederasty: Today, pederasty refers to male attraction towards adolescent boys or the cultural institutions that support such relations, as in ancient Greece. However, in the 18th and 19th centuries the term usually referred to male homosexuality in general. A pederast was also the active partner in anal sex, whether with a male or a female partner. It should not be confused with “pedophilia,” a psychiatric disorder in which there is a sexual preference for prepubescent children.

PlatonistPlato praised the benefits of same-sex relationships in his early writings but in his late works he proposed its prohibition. In the Symposium (182B-D), Plato equates acceptance of homosexuality with democracy, and its suppression with despotism, saying that homosexuality "is shameful to barbarians because of their despotic governments, just as philosophy and athletics are, since it is apparently not in best interests of such rulers to have great ideas engendered in their subjects, or powerful friendships or physical unions, all of which love is particularly apt to produce".

Sodomite, Sodomist, Sodomy: Though sodomy has been used to refer to a range of homosexual and heterosexual "unnatural acts," the term sodomite usually refers to a homosexual male. The term is derived from the Biblical tale of Sodom and Gomorrah. There is no word in biblical Greek or Hebrew for “sodomy.” Nor is there an equivalent word for “homosexual.” A Sodomite was simply an inhabitant of Sodom, just as a Moabite was an inhabitant of Moab. The modern association with homosexuality can be found in the writings of the Jewish historian Josephus in CE 96.

Scientific Terms from the late 19th century and early 20th century. 

This was the period that psychology emerged as a separate scientific discipline. Prior to this time it was regarded as a branch of philosophy. Doctors, scientists and researchers were creating new vocabulary to describe the human condition. This was the same period that the terms homosexual and heterosexual were coined.

Magnus Hirschfeld
Androphile, Ephebophile, Gerontrophile: German sexologist Magnus Hirschfeld divided homosexual men into four groups: “pedophiles,” who are most attracted to prepubescent youth; “ephebophiles,” who are most attracted to youths from puberty up to the early twenties; “androphiles,” who are most attracted to persons between the early twenties and fifty; and “gerontophiles,” who are most attracted to older men, up to senile old age. According to Karen Franklin, Hirschfeld considered ephebophilia "common and nonpathological, with ephebophiles and androphiles each making up about 45% of the homosexual population."

Contrasexual: Carl Jung, the founder analytical psychology, defined “contraxexual” as the portion of a person's psyche that has characteristics of the opposite gender.

Edward Carpenter
Homogenic, Intermediate Sex: Edward Carpenter, English philosopher, anthologist, and early gay activist, suggested these terms around the turn of the 20th century.

Homophile: German astrologist, author and psychoanalyst Karl-Günther Heimsoth coined the term “homophile” in his 1924 doctoral dissertation "Hetero- und Homophilie." Homophile was an attempt to avoid the clinical implications of sexual pathology found with the word homosexual, emphasizing love (-phile) instead. The term was in common use in the 1950s and 1960s by homosexual organizations and publications; the groups of this period are now known collectively as the homophile movement. The term homophile began to disappear with the emergence of the Gay Liberation movements of the late 1960s and early 1970s although some of the homophile groups still survive.

Havelock Ellis
Sexual Inversion, Invert, Intersexual: “Sexual Inversion” (1897) by British physician and psychologist Havelock Ellis and John Addington Symonds was the first English medical textbook on homosexuality. The work challenged theories that homosexuality was abnormal, as well as stereotypes, and insisted on the ubiquity of homosexuality and its association with intellectual and artistic achievement.
 Sexual inversion was believed to be an inborn reversal of gender traits: male inverts were, to a greater or lesser degree, inclined to traditionally female pursuits and dress and vice versa. The sexologist Richard Freiherr von Krafft-Ebing described female sexual inversion as "the masculine soul, heaving in the female bosom." Initially confined to medical texts, the concept of sexual inversion was given wide currency by Radclyffe Hall's 1928 lesbian novel “The Well of Loneliness,” which was written in part to popularize the sexologists' views. Published with a foreword by Havelock Ellis, it consistently used the term "invert" to refer to its protagonist, who bore a strong resemblance to one of Krafft-Ebing's case studies.
The term “intersexuality” was used around 1900 as a synonym for "inversion." Later it was adopted by the medical community and applied to human beings whose biological sex cannot be classified as clearly male or female.

Edward Prime-Stevenson
Similisexual: In 1908 Edward Prime-Stevenson published the first American defense of homosexuality under the pseudonym Xavier Mayne. It was called “The Intersexes: A History of Similisexualism as a Problem in Social Life.” Similisexual is the full-Latin analogous of homosexual.

Karl Heinrich Ulrichs
Uranian, urning: Uranian is believed to be an English adaptation of the German word Urning, which was first published by activist Karl Heinrich Ulrichs in 1864–65 in Forschungen über das Räthsel der mannmännlichen Liebe ("Research into the Riddle of Man-Male Love"). It referred to a person of a third sex — originally, someone with "a female psyche in a male body" who is sexually attracted to men. The term "Uranian" was quickly adopted by English-language advocates of homosexual emancipation in the Victorian era, such as Edward Carpenter and John Addington Symonds, who used it to describe a comradely love that would bring about true democracy, uniting the "estranged ranks of society" and breaking down class and gender barriers.
Bonus trivia: In 1867, Karl Heinrich Ulrichs became the first self-proclaimed homosexual person to speak out publicly in defense of homosexuality when he pleaded at the Congress of German Jurists in Munich for a resolution urging the repeal of anti-homosexual laws.

Effeminate or Coded Terms

These words do not necessarily indicate that the man is gay or homosexual. They do bring into question his masculinity, machismo, and virility. A similar modern term today would be “metrosexual.” In most cultures, effeminacy was traditionally considered, if not a vice, at least a weakness, indicative of other negative character traits and more recently often involving a negative insinuation of homosexual tendencies or sexual passivity, even though the individual possibly could be heterosexual or bisexual.

Oscar Wilde
Aesthetic: An aesthetic is one who subscribes to the philosophy of dealing with the nature of art, beauty, and taste, with the creation and appreciation of beauty. German and British thinkers emphasized beauty as the key component of art and of the aesthetic experience and saw art as necessarily aiming at absolute beauty. For Oscar Wilde, the contemplation of beauty for beauty's sake was not only the foundation for much of his literary career; but he was quoted as saying, "Aestheticism is a search after the signs of the beautiful. It is the science of the beautiful through which men seek the correlation of the arts. It is, to speak more exactly, the search after the secret of life."

Dandy, dandyism: A dandy (also known as a beau or gallant) is a man who places particular importance upon physical appearance, refined language, and leisurely hobbies, pursued with the appearance of nonchalance in a cult of Self. Historically, especially in late 18th- and early 19th-century Britain, a dandy who was self-made often strove to imitate an aristocratic lifestyle despite coming from a middle-class background. In 18th century slang, a "dandy" was differentiated from a "fop" in that the dandy's dress was more refined and sober than the fop's. At the end of the 19th century, American dandies were called dudes.

Dude: From the 1870s to the 1960s, dude primarily meant a person who dressed in an extremely fashion-forward manner (a dandy) or a citified person who was visiting a rural location but stuck out (a city slicker). In the early 1960s, dude became prominent in surfer culture as a synonym of "guy" or "fella."

Fop: Fop became a pejorative term for a foolish man overly concerned with his appearance and clothes in 17th century England. Some of the very many similar alternative terms are "coxcomb", “fribble”, "popinjay" (meaning "parrot"), “fashion-monger”, and "ninny." "Macaroni" was another term of the 18th century more specifically concerned with fashion. The fop was a stock character in English literature and especially comic drama, as well as satirical prints.  A modern-day fop may also be a reference to a foolish person who is overly concerned about his clothing and incapable of engaging in intellectual conversations, activities, or thoughts.

Libertine: A libertine is one devoid of most moral restraints that are seen as unnecessary or undesirable, especially one who ignores or even spurns accepted morals and forms of behavior sanctified by the larger society. Libertines place value on physical pleasures, meaning those experienced through the senses. As a philosophy, libertinism gained newfound adherents in the 17th, 18th, and 19th centuries, particularly in France and Great Britain. Notable among these were John Wilmot, 2nd Earl of Rochester, and the Marquis de Sade.

Anthropological Terms

The following are just a few of the terms I’ve come across in literature, plays and movies.

Berdache, Two-Spirit: Before the late twentieth century, the term “berdache” was widely used by anthropologists as a generic term to indicate "two-spirit" individuals. However, this term has become considered increasingly outdated and considered offensive. (Based on the French “bardache” implying a male prostitute or catamite, the word originates in Arabic meaning "captive, captured.") “Two-Spirit,” gained widespread popularity in 1990 during the third annual, intertribal Native American/First Nations gay and lesbian conference in Winnipeg. “Two-Spirit” is a term chosen to distinctly express Native/First Nations gender identity and gender variance in addition to replacing the otherwise imposed terms of “berdache” and “gay.”

Hijras: In South Asia, “hijras” or “chhakka” in Kannada, “khusra” in Punjabi, and “kojja” in Telugu are physiological males who have feminine gender identity, wear women's clothing and display other feminine, gender roles. “Hijras” have a long-recorded history in the Indian subcontinent from antiquity, as suggested by the Kama Sutra period, onwards. The word “kothi” (or “koti”) is common across India, similar to the “Kathoey” of Thailand, although “kothis” are often distinguished from “hijras.” “Kothis” are regarded as feminine men or boys who take a feminine role in sex with men but do not live in the kind of intentional communities that “hijras” usually live in. Additionally, not all ‘kothis” have undergone initiation rites or the body modification steps to become a “hijra.”

Kathoey: “Kathoey” is a Thai term that refers to a transgender person or an effeminate gay male in Thailand. While a significant number of Thais perceive “kathoeys” as belonging to a third gender, including many “’kathoeys” themselves, others see them as either a kind of man or a kind of woman. The word “kathoey” is thought to be of Khmer origin. It is most often rendered as “ladyboy” in English conversation with Thais, and this latter expression has become popular across Southeast Asia. They are generally accepted by society. Thailand has never had legal prohibitions against homosexuality or homosexual behavior.

Shudo, Nanshoku: The Japanese term “nanshoku” (男色, which can also be read as “danshoku”) is the Japanese reading of the same characters in Chinese, which literally mean "male colors." The character (color) still has the meaning of sexual pleasure in China and Japan. This term was widely used to refer to some kind of male–male sex in a pre-modern era of Japan. The term “shudō” (衆道) (abbreviated from “wakashudō,” the "way of adolescent boys") is also used, especially in older works. Homosexuality in Japan, variously known as “shudo” or “nanshoku” has been documented for over one thousand years and was an integral part of Buddhist monastic life and the samurai tradition. This same-sex love culture gave rise to strong traditions of painting and literature documenting and celebrating such relationships.

Biblical terms:

This is just a brief review of a couple of terms used in the Bible and Torah. There are whole books, long essays, and lots a scholarly research written on the subject. Nevertheless, here are just a few interesting facts.
According to ReligiousTolerance.Org
“There is no term that means homosexual orientation in the original Hebrew, Aramaic, and Greek texts of the Bible.  The authors of the Bible did not understand sexual orientation and thus did not write about it. Thus, when you see one of these words in an English translation of the Bible, it is important to dig deeper and find what the original Hebrew or Greek text really means.”

Rev. Clay Witt founding pastor of HRMCC writes the following: 
"The first use of the term "homosexuals" in an English Bible did not come until 1946, with the publication of the Revised Standard Version of the New Testament.
Sodom did not become an unambiguous symbol of same-sex sexual relations until the second century C.E. It then applied to the exploitation of a youth or young man by an older male. Although there are some English translations that use the word "sodomite," no Hebrew or Greek word formed on the name “Sodom” ever appears in the biblical manuscripts on which those versions are based. In every instance in the King James Version where the term “sodomite” is used, the reference is to male prostitutes associated with places of worship." "It is important to notice that our Old Testament texts attack the male prostitutes not because they engage in sexual relationships with other males; they, like the female prostitutes, are attacked because they serve alien gods."

Two of the key words in the Bible that modern day translators use for homosexual are “malakoi” and “arsenokoitai”.
- “Malakoi” has been used to describe effeminate or passive, homosexual males.  Other translators believe that a better usage of the word is for soft clothing, substandard ethics, or weak morals, depending on context and that it has nothing to do with homosexuality.
- “Arsenokoitai” has challenged scholars for centuries and has been variously rendered as “abusers of themselves with mankind,” “sodomites,” or “men who practice homosexuality.”  Later Christian literature used the word to mean variously “prostitution,” “incest” or “rape” without any single, clear meaning. Many suggest that the more likely definition is that it is what temple or shrine prostitution and male prostitutes were called.

That is a lot of verbiage for men who love men and like to have sex with them.
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